This essay is a child observation project, the format used is APA, which is the standard format for many social sciences class.

Topics: Developmental psychology, Cognition, Scientific method Pages: 5 (1349 words) Published: November 30, 2003
Abstract

For the purposes of this observation the child observed will be referred to as Jake. The differences in time spent with Jake by students of the University of Alaska Southeast student housing community were observed and recorded for this study. Jake was observed for increments of two hours daily for one week. During this observation the amount of time individuals spent carrying, playing, or interacting with Jake was recorded as well as the individual's age and gender. Individuals who spent less then 2 minutes with Jake were excluded from this study as well as Jake's family members and other primary care givers. The purpose of this study was to determine which category of people spent the most time interacting with Jake. Individuals observed with Jake were placed into two categories based on age and gender (see figure 1). Three categories labels were created to describe the type interaction between individuals and Jake, these categories are: playing, carrying, and verbal interaction. Also some basic experiments were preformed to determine Jake's level of development.

Figure 1

Child Observation Study

The significance of this was to determine which gender spent the most time interacting with Jake during a given week. The researcher also wanted to determine if the different types of interaction by males and females has had any effect on Jake's development. It is the hypothesis of the examiner that Jake would have a more advanced level of development due to the increased amount of time spent interacting with a wide variety of individuals representing both sexes. Jake's physical development is in line with the majority of children his age. At 6 months Jake is able to roll over, sit up with self-support, and is able to move around by rolling. Jake's motor skills have developed to were he is able to transfer objects from one hand to the other although; the pincer grasp has not yet developed. Jake is in the third stage that Piaget refers to as Secondary circular reaction stage. Jake's cognitive skills have sufficiently developed allowing him to be much more aware of events taking place around him. In addition to this Jake has developed the ability to make pleasurable events happen on his own. Given the numerous people surrounding Jake during the day, Jake has developed a very social personality. Interaction with people is both enjoyed and sought after. Jake's social referencing comes from both parent figures and people Jake is most familiar with when reacting to people never before encountered. It is because of the unique environment that Jake is exposed to that the researcher wishes to determine what effect this environment has had on Jake development. Also because of the number of people Jake is exposed to the examiner will also be monitoring how different genders and races interact with Jake. To obtain this information the researcher has been monitoring Jake for 2 hours every day for one week. During this time information was obtained as to what Jake was involved with and what type of people interacted with Jake. The type of interaction was also recorded to determine if gender or race played any role in the type of interaction engaged with Jake.

Method

Participant

Jake is approximately 6 months old and is a Caucasian male. Jake resides in apartment style housing with both parent in the home. Both of Jakes parents are employed fulltime, but because of the nature of Jake's mother's work he accompanies his mother in the work place. Jake's appearance is average for a male child of Jake's age. Jake's height was recorded at 67.4 cm on October 19, 2003. Jake's weight is slightly above average at just under 17 pounds but is still well within the desired weight limits. Jake's is in excellent health and is free of any mental of physical conditions that might hamper his development.

Procedure

Observation.

Jake was observed in increments of two hours for one week. The location where the observation took...
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